What Is The Primary Difference Between A VPN Connection And A Local Network Connection?

VPN Connection Vs Local Network Connection

VPN connection and A Local Network Connection (LAN) are two different technologies that serve different purposes. The former allows you to access several sites remotely with proper encryption while the latter allows you to connect to the internet via a cable or wirelessly and get the required services.

There are several differences between the VPN and LAN. In this article, we will understand all the key differences between both technologies. However, before diving straight into the key differences between VPN Connection Vs Local Network Connection and its details, let us begin with simple definitions of VPN and LAN. 

VPN (Virtual Private Network)

VPN provides secure and encrypted data encryption over a network through different IP addresses and VPN servers. In simple words, the VPN technology creates a secure and safe connection through proper encryption of data on the public network which can be used by the users to access remote sites. 

It creates a virtual tunnel through which the data is transferred between the client and network safely. VPN client, server, and protocol are different components of the VPN technology. 

Perks Of Using A VPN

1. Bypass The Geo-location Restrictions

One of the best advantages of using a VPN is to bypass the geo-location restriction of several online platforms to gain access to their content. For example, if you are not able to access the Putlocker in your region due to a geo-location block, then you can use a decent VPN service to bypass it and gain access to its wide collection of movies and TV shows.

2. Safe Remote Access

With a suitable VPN, you can remotely access any private network. For example, any user can connect to his/her home network using a VPN. 

3. High Privacy With Anonymous Access

Another benefit of using a VPN to access the internet is the high anonymity level. It will mask your IP address and location which will further protect your privacy and prevent online platforms from tracking your device data.

LAN (Local Area Network)

Local Area Network is a collection of devices like computers, printers, etc., that are interconnected to each other with a limited local area through Wi-Fi or Ethernet cables. It consists of cables, routers, access points, and switches that allow these devices to share files and data with each other. The devices can be connected in different topologies according to the user preference. 

Besides this, there are two types of architecture in LAN, namely client-server architecture and peer-to-peer architecture.

Benefits of LAN

1. Easy Resource Sharing

With LAN, you can share resources over the network which will reduce the overall cost of purchasing more hardware. Moreover, you can share the same software on all the computers connected through it.

2. Centralized Data Sharing

All the data in LAN can be stored on the hard disk of a single computer which allows easy and quick management.

3. Easy Management And Low-Cost Approach

You can easily manage a LAN without investing a lot of money in the hardware. Files can be shared across the network with each device without any unnecessary hassle. 

VPN Connection Vs Local Network Connection: Key Differences

1. Scope

A VPN connection extends a private network over a public network(Internet). With a VPN connection, users can access the resources on a remote network even if they are physically present elsewhere. It seems like the users are directly connected to the remote network 

A local network connection refers to a network that exists in a specific physical location, such as an office, home, data center, etc. There are different devices and resources involved in the VPN connection and a local network but everything is limited to a particular geographic area.

2. Need Of Infrastructure

The VPNs rely on software and encryption protocols to create secure connections over the internet. This approach removes the need for physical infrastructure which further reduces the overall cost.

On the contrary, the local networks require physical infrastructure, including routers, switches, cabling, and access points to create the local network. These components are physically present in the network location.

3. Speed

With a VPN, you can experience slow speed as it adds several steps for data transfer, especially in the case of free services available on the internet.

However, you can use a LAN to share the files between the connected devices at an excellent speed. You can create a separate network facility on your network for some devices.

4. Security

With VPNs, you enjoy a high level of data security. They are designed to provide secure, encrypted communication over the public internet. They use different protocols like SSL, IPsec, or OpenVPN to offer a secure portal for data transmission and protect it from several threats on the internet like unauthorized access, eavesdropping, etc. VPNs are often used to ensure proper security and privacy, especially when you need to access sensitive information over untrusted networks.

A Local network connection may have security measures in place, such as firewalls and access controls to offer data security. However, security practices within a local network vary according to the organization’s requirements.

5. Usability

Generally, a VPN connection is used for remote work, secure access to corporate networks, bypassing geographic restrictions to access geolocation-blocked content, and ensuring privacy while browsing the internet.

On the other hand, a local network connection is developed to connect devices within a particular physical location like office premises and homes. They allow you to share files, enjoy network printing, and communicate between other devices that are present on the same network.

6. Location Restriction

With a VPN connection, you can connect to remote networks or servers regardless of your current physical location. However, a proper internet connection is mandatory for remote access.

In contrast to this, the local network connections are limited to the specific physical location where the network is set up. You must be physically present within the network’s premises to access the resources and devices present on the network.


By now you will have a firm understanding of both technologies and will be familiar with all the key differences. In short, VPNs are designed for remote access and security, while local networks are used for local resource sharing and communication. Both VPN connection and a local network play an important role in network management and contribute to different purposes. 

You May Also Like